Programming Languages for Full-Stack Developers

A good programmer is someone who always looks both ways before crossing a one-way street.

Doug Linder

What are Programming Languages?

Programming languages allow us to communicate with computers through computer code. High-level languages are similar to human languages. However, they are more complex.

Why do we Need Them?

They help work with code that is easier to write, read, and understand compared to simple binary code with just 1’s and 0’s. Programming languages help people write instructions to a computer without having to work on the lowest, binary level of code.

It’s pretty obvious that if you want to become a Web Developer then you should know the basics of the internet, web applications, protocols like HTTP, and web development. 

These are few important programming languages to know as a full-stack web developer:


JavaScript is slowly taking over the whole coding sector. Although it started only as a front-end technology, it has now become a language that can be used in the front-end, back-end, desktop, and mobile. It is becoming impossible to become a web developer without mastering JavaScript. This is due to the large use of JavaScript, including its many frameworks that have been developed in the past few years such as AngularJS, Express, vue.js, ember, and react. It is extremely popular and a must-learn language for programmers at all levels. It is being used by large tech companies such as Spotify, Facebook, and Twitter. 

As for the ease of learning, you can learn JavaScript pretty easily. There are many online courses that take you through the process of learning JavaScript within a matter of months. If you choose a self-paced mode, the best practice is to completely learn and understand all of the basics since JavaScript is a language that builds on itself. Only after you have a great understanding of the basics can you move forward. 


The Python code is inherently readable because of an easy-to-learn syntax and an emphasis on good programming style and naming. Additionally, it enforces good indentation, which allows programmers to organize their loops, conditions better. Python has been built to help coders with extreme flexibility. Although it is extremely simple to learn and understand, it is an integral part in popular web applications such as Google, Facebook, Quora, and Netflix. 

Python is another language that is quite easy to grasp and beginners find it easy to pick up. The reason for this is because of the easy to understand and implement syntax that is closely related to the English language. This makes the language highly accessible and easy to learn for the masses. Python is known as the most popular language in 2020. It shows no signs of losing the popularity battle anytime soon.


If you are an Apple user, you should definitely know about Swift, the language created by in 2014, subsequently used as the basis of the entire iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS software. Although Swift may not be as popular as Python and JavaScript, it is cutting it close by the amazing features created by Apple. Swift gets amazing results in mobile, desktop, servers, and any other device that runs code. 

With the demand for iOS app developers skyrocketing, Swift comes in handy for any web developer. It is a fairly easy language to learn and master. Many people have found the manual enough to learn how to code in Swift. It is fun to learn this language and you can get ahead in your career if you have Swift nailed down to perfection. 


Used across multiple platforms, Java is a powerful coding language. It runs on 3 billion devices worldwide on mobile applications and desktop applications. It is a general-purpose language with a simple and clean syntax. Java was originally created to look and feel like C++, however, it is simpler to use and has lesser low-level objects. Additionally, Java is powerful enough to create an entire application that can be run on any and multiple servers. 

Java is another language that is super simple to start with. An extremely simple syntax makes it immensely beginner-friendly. When compared to languages like Python, Java is comparatively easier to solve problems due to the fact that it is a relatively high level, but also low enough to complete tasks. However, one should not take learning Java too lightly, there are some simple concepts, as well as some concepts that can get pretty tough to wrap your head around due to their abstract nature. If good resources are available, one can learn how to code in java within a matter of 3-4 months. 


Kotlin was developed by JetBrains to solve problems with a simple approach. Kotlin was developed with a focus on interoperability, safety, clarity, and tooling support. The majority of Android programming is done in Kotlin. It has become quite a famous language in these past 10 years – it is now Google’s official developer tool. Kotlin doesn’t seem to be going anywhere but up in the near future so make sure you learn it to keep up with the trends.

Learning Kotlin is simple when you know Java. It is basically a streamlined version of Java. Therefore, if you know languages such as Java or ones that have a similar syntax, it will be an easy journey for you. As for the time that it takes one to learn Kotlin, it is easily learnt within a period of time as short as two weeks.

Go or Golang

Quickly growing in popularity, Go is a compiling programming language created by Google. A majority of cloud networking has been programmed on Golang. Go is used when the goal is to create a fast, reliable, and efficiently scalable project. Some examples of large companies that use Go are Google, IBM, BBC, Adobe, and Medium.

Additionally, Go has a simple syntax and can thus be picked up in a matter of months. It is especially easy if one already has a background in programming. It is simple in the sense that it does not have constructors, annotations, generics, or exceptions to complicate it. 

If you are new to the programming world, don’t let this scare you. It’s just a guideline and you can take a different path to learn Web Development and become a Web Developer, you can choose the path you like and stick to that. At the end of the day, you should have enough knowledge and experience about the things mentioned here. 

If you are interested in understanding more about full-stack development, read our other blogs or sign up for webinars catered towards aspiring full-stack developers.


Author Profile

Nandini Agarwal
Nandini Agarwal
Nandini Agarwal is an enthusiastic environmental activist. She enjoys reading, writing, and doodling in her spare time!